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Pressure retarded osmosis

Inquiry about commercially available PRO membranes

Sourcing of commercially available Pressure Retarded Osmosis (PRO) membranes for research purposes? Recently, we received an inquiry from Lamar regarding the best commercial source of PRO membranes: Greetings, I am trying to find the...

Could osmotic dehydration bring forward osmosis into B2C market segments?

Osmotic dehumidification utilizes capillary condensation & forward osmosis as an alternative to traditional air drying methods Traditional air drying methods are based on either vapor compression, desiccant substrate capture, or liquid desiccants...
Efficiency of forward osmosis desalination by McGovern et. al. 2014

Efficiency of forward osmosis desalination by McGovern et. al. 2014

Article suggesting that forward osmosis is not energy efficient compared to reverse osmosis gains social media attention On June 21st 2014, McGovern, a post-doc at MIT's  Department of Mechanical engineering, and co-workers...
forward osmosis spiral wound module

Spiral wound forward osmosis membrane modules

Spiral wound modules made from flat sheet forward osmosis membranes Spiral wound module summary Packing density up to 600 m2/m3 Advantage suitable for large-volume applications due to high packing density and resulting small membrane footprint Disadvantage membrane fouling...

Integrating forward osmosis in thermal desalination processes

Forward osmosis can reduce scaling and increase top brine temperature in thermal desalination (Multi-stage flash distillation, MSF) processes In their article "Viability of integrating forward osmosis (FO) as pretreatment for existing MSF...
fertigation by means of fertilizer driven forward osmosis

The use of fertilizer drawn forward osmosis for fertigation

The use of fertilizer drawn forward osmosis for fertigation - a real FO application or a pipe dream? Fertigation is an agricultural irrigation process where water soluble fertilizers or soil improvement products...
Forward osmosis system commercialization

Forward osmosis systems and their commercialization opportunities

Review of commercialization opportunities for forward osmosis systems Today, FO based systems are primarily used in niche applications where traditional pressure driven filtration membranes cannot be used. The US based company Hydration...
Commercialization drivers in the water treatment market

Commercialization drivers in today’s water treatment market

Increased productivity is the main commercialization driver  in today's water treatment market We - humanity - find ourselves in a situation where, in order to solve the water challenges we have created...
An all-encompassing review of the forward osmosis technology anno 2012

An all-encompassing review of forward osmosis technologies anno 2012 by Zhao et. al.

Why Zhao et. al. 2012 is one of the best recent review articles on forward osmosis technologies In their article “Recent developments in forward osmosis: Opportunities and challenges ” from 2012, Zhao...
Commercialization drivers in the water treatment market

Perspectives on Commercialization of Forward Osmosis Technologies

The "low-energy technology" brand of forward osmosis Forward osmosis emerges with a brand of “low-energy technology”. This brand is indeed justified when merely considering the forward osmosis (FO) process and excluding the...