FO systems are now one step closer to mass adoption

An industrial size FO-based Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) system is now operational in the Changxing Power Plant Skeptics towards the commercial viability of forward osmosis water treatment systems need look no further....
Forward osmosis system commercialization

Forward osmosis systems and their commercialization opportunities

Review of commercialization opportunities for forward osmosis systems Today, FO based systems are primarily used in niche applications where traditional pressure driven filtration membranes cannot be used. The US based company Hydration...
Forward osmosis system commercialization

Why is it challenging to commercialize forward osmosis technologies?

Challenges when commercializing forward osmosis technologies Water treatment systems based on forward osmosis membrane technologies are situated very early in the introduction stage of the product life cycle, and have been so...
Forward osmosis system commercialization

Forward osmosis system design

An introduction to forward osmosis system design In any given real life application, forward osmosis membrane performance will be quantified by the water flux Jw, the reverse salt flux Js, and the...
Hybrid FO system design for fresh water permeate production

Hybrid forward osmosis systems for desalination of seawater and wastewater treatment

General classification of forward osmosis systems and their applications FO systems can be divided into two broad categories, namely stand-alone FO systems and hybrid FO systems. Here, hybrid FO systems are described...

Forward osmosis systems for nitrate removal

Industrial request for forward osmosis based nitrate removal in desalination ForwardOsmosisTech recently received a request from an Austrian company (see below) who is interested in a forward osmosis system capable of Nitrate...
Water scarcity in 2025

How forward osmosis can help cut energy usage in industrial water treatment processes

The main challenge with today's water treatment technologies Today's water treatment technologies are effective but not always efficient. As a result, considerably more energy will be needed to replenish ever dwindling fresh...
selection of inorganic draw solutes for forward osmosis applications

Selection of inorganic draw solutes for forward osmosis applications by Achilli et. al. 2010

Why Achilli et. al. 2010 is a must read within the field of forward osmosis R&D In their article “Selection of inorganic-based draw solutions for forward osmosis applications” from 2010, Achilli and...
Stand-alone FO system for feed stream concentration and draw stream dilution

Stand-alone forward osmosis systems for low energy water extraction and osmotic power production

General classification of forward osmosis systems and their applications FO systems can be divided into two broad categories, namely stand-alone FO systems and hybrid FO systems. Here, stand-alone FO systems are described...

According to Osmosis Energy UK, Pressure Retarded Osmosis using hollow fibers is now a...

UK-based company Osmosis Energy UK reports on recent commercial progress within the field of Pressure Retarded Osmosis (PRO) In this article, Raymond Carter, Director of UK based Osmosis Energy UK summarizes his...