fertigation by means of fertilizer driven forward osmosis

Investigating Fertilizer Drawn Forward Osmosis Process for Groundwater Desalination for Irrigation in Egypt

FDFO for groundwater desalination Groundwater desalination could be a possible solution to Egypt’s scarcity problem through applying state-of-the-art desalination technologies. More than half of Egypt's area has access to brackish groundwater, 47%...
selection of inorganic draw solutes for forward osmosis applications

Selection of inorganic draw solutes for forward osmosis applications by Achilli et. al. 2010

Why Achilli et. al. 2010 is a must read within the field of forward osmosis R&D In their article “Selection of inorganic-based draw solutions for forward osmosis applications” from 2010, Achilli and...
Reversing desertification by use of forward osmosis processes

Desert restoration through forward osmosis processes by Duan et. al. 2014

Harnessing forward osmosis processes for desert restoration and desertification reversal In their article "Evaluation of sodium lignin sulfonate as draw solute in forward osmosis for desert restoration" Duan et. al. describe the...
Commercialization drivers in the water treatment market

Input needed for desk-top study on 6 GL/year FO desalination plant

Engineering students looking for information to help design a full-scale FO-based desalination plant using ammonium bicarbonate as draw solution We recently received the following inquiry on FO membrane products and FO plant...

Input needed: feasibility study on using Capacitive Deionization (CDI) coupled with Pressure Retarded Osmosis...

Costing for Forward Osmosis membranes We recently received an inquiry from Young Woo Kim from the University of Waterloo. Young Kim is working on an...

Forward osmosis should be considered a fouling resilient technology instead of a low-fouling technology

On August 23rd 2018, Siddiqui and co-workers - including renowned Anthony G. Fane, published the article "Exploring the differences between forward osmosis and reverse osmosis fouling" in Journal of Membrane Science. The...
A typical scanning electron microscope cross section of a porous membrane

S-parameter calculations yield negative values – what to do?

What to do when structural parameter equations yield negative S-values? We recently received this question from Maxime, a Phd student at KU Leuven, who is working on TFC membranes for forward osmosis...

Entering the slope of enlightenment – FO as a means of continuously removing ethanol...

The forward osmosis membrane hype Jeffrey R. McCutcheon recently published the article "Avoiding the Hype in Developing Commercially Viable Desalination Technologies"  - Joule 2019 - in which...

Overview of concentration polarization effects in forward osmosis membranes by McCutcheon et. al. 2006

Why McCutcheon et. al. 2006 is a must read within the field of forward osmosis R&D In their article "Influence of concentrative and dilutive internal concentration polarization on flux behaviour in forward...
Efficiency of forward osmosis desalination by McGovern et. al. 2014

Efficiency of forward osmosis desalination by McGovern et. al. 2014

Article suggesting that forward osmosis is not energy efficient compared to reverse osmosis gains social media attention On June 21st 2014, McGovern, a post-doc at MIT's  Department of Mechanical engineering, and co-workers...