Forward osmosis draw solutions and draw solution recovery methods

Draw solutions and draw solution recovery methods are key to unlocking the business potential of forward osmosis I am a membrane enthusiast working in Aquaporin for the past 3 years. Previously, I...
A typical scanning electron microscope cross section of a porous membrane

S-parameter calculations yield negative values – what to do?

What to do when structural parameter equations yield negative S-values? We recently received this question from Maxime, a Phd student at KU Leuven, who is working on TFC membranes for forward osmosis...

BBC Horizons: forward osmosis for industrial wastewater treatment

The concept of using forward osmosis for industrial wastewater treatment was recently covered in a BBC Horizons episode for BBC World News Earlier this year, Sharanjit Leyl from BBC World News visited...
Schematic diagram of a forward osmosis membrane in action

Inquiry: draw and feed circulation paths in FO modules

How do draw and feed streams circulate in an FO module? Most of us who are interested in forward osmosis technologies and their applications are familiar with the general concept of how...
Membrane fouling in forward osmosis processes

Membrane fouling in forward osmosis (FO) processes is reversible

Membrane fouling in reverse osmosis and forward osmosis processes The difference in membrane fouling between reverse osmosis and forward osmosis processes can be attributed to the underlying driving force for water transport. In...