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Stand-alone FO system for feed stream concentration and draw stream dilution

Stand-alone forward osmosis systems for low energy water extraction and osmotic power production

General classification of forward osmosis systems and their applications FO systems can be divided into two broad categories, namely stand-alone FO systems and hybrid FO systems. Here, stand-alone FO systems are described...

Growing interest: forward osmosis in Zero Liquid Discharge systems

The use of Forward Osmosis Technologies in Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) systems and application is gaining traction According to a recent International Desalination & Water Reuse article, Darco Water Technologies (a specialist...
Commercialization drivers in the water treatment market

Commercialization drivers in today’s water treatment market

Increased productivity is the main commercialization driver  in today's water treatment market We - humanity - find ourselves in a situation where, in order to solve the water challenges we have created...
Membrane fouling in forward osmosis processes

Membrane fouling in forward osmosis (FO) processes is reversible

Membrane fouling in reverse osmosis and forward osmosis processes The difference in membrane fouling between reverse osmosis and forward osmosis processes can be attributed to the underlying driving force for water transport. In...
Pressure retarded osmosis

Inquiry about commercially available PRO membranes

Sourcing of commercially available Pressure Retarded Osmosis (PRO) membranes for research purposes? Recently, we received an inquiry from Lamar regarding the best commercial source of PRO membranes: Greetings, I am trying to find the...

The addressable FO market ranges from $300million to $6billion in 2017

According to a new article on WaterWorld, forward osmosis is gaining traction within product concentration, ZLD, and water reuse In the recent WaterWorld article, "Forward Osmosis: Is it beginning to live up...
forward osmosis spiral wound module

Spiral wound forward osmosis membrane modules

Spiral wound modules made from flat sheet forward osmosis membranes Spiral wound module summary Packing density up to 600 m2/m3 Advantage suitable for large-volume applications due to high packing density and resulting small membrane footprint Disadvantage membrane fouling...

Forward osmosis systems for nitrate removal

Industrial request for forward osmosis based nitrate removal in desalination ForwardOsmosisTech recently received a request from an Austrian company (see below) who is interested in a forward osmosis system capable of Nitrate...

Draw solutions and their recovery methods for dairy and food industries – a brief...

Introduction Currently, Forward Osmosis (FO) is well suited for applications in which water needs to be removed in a gentle manner (e.g. food processing and concentration of valuable such as flavors &...

Entering the slope of enlightenment – FO as a means of continuously removing ethanol...

The forward osmosis membrane hype Jeffrey R. McCutcheon recently published the article "Avoiding the Hype in Developing Commercially Viable Desalination Technologies"  - Joule 2019 - in which...