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Industrial applications

Plate and frame forward osmosis membrane modules

Plate & frame modules made from flat sheet forward osmosis membranes Plate & frame (stacked) FO module summary Packing density typically below 100 m2/m3 Advantage ease of operation when waste streams contain high amounts of fouling...

Q & A with FO system supplier – Darco Water Technologies

During 2018 an increasing number of commercial players have entered the FO market. According to a recent press release, Darco Water Technologies - with headquarters in Singapore - are aiming to...
forward osmosis spiral wound module

Inquiry: FO membrane elements for pilot unit with 2 to 3 m3/h feed flow

Recently, we received an inquiry from Dr. Arcari (Customer Experience Supervisor  Membrane) who is on the lookout for FO elements to complete a 2 -3m3/hour FO pilot unit. If you’re a...
selection of inorganic draw solutes for forward osmosis applications

Selection of inorganic draw solutes for forward osmosis applications by Achilli et. al. 2010

Why Achilli et. al. 2010 is a must read within the field of forward osmosis R&D In their article “Selection of inorganic-based draw solutions for forward osmosis applications” from 2010, Achilli and...
forward osmosis tubular module

Tubular forward osmosis membrane modules

Tubular modules made from tubular forward osmosis membranes Tubular module summary Packing density Up to 500 m2/m3 Advantage ease of modularization and ease operation when wastestreams contain high amounts of fouling agents and/or solutions entering the...
FO mode vs PRO mode

The difference between a PRO process and the PRO membrane orientation mode

PRO process vs. PRO membrane orientation mode - a question from one of our readers   Recently, ForwardOsmosisTech received the following email from one our readers: Hi I'm really confused, and have one question about...
Commercialization drivers in the water treatment market

Input needed for desk-top study on 6 GL/year FO desalination plant

Engineering students looking for information to help design a full-scale FO-based desalination plant using ammonium bicarbonate as draw solution We recently received the following inquiry on FO membrane products and FO plant...
Stand-alone FO system for feed stream concentration and draw stream dilution

Stand-alone forward osmosis systems for low energy water extraction and osmotic power production

General classification of forward osmosis systems and their applications FO systems can be divided into two broad categories, namely stand-alone FO systems and hybrid FO systems. Here, stand-alone FO systems are described...
Forward osmosis process for dissolving and diluting sucrose in industrial production

Can forward osmosis be used for dissolving and diluting sucrose in industrial production?

Can forward osmosis systems be used for process optimization in white Biotech? Recently, we at ForwardOsmosisTech were fortunate to receive a question from an industrial end user regarding the proposed use of...
Schematic diagram of a forward osmosis membrane in action

Inquiry: draw and feed circulation paths in FO modules

How do draw and feed streams circulate in an FO module? Most of us who are interested in forward osmosis technologies and their applications are familiar with the general concept of how...